Benfotiamine in Alzheimer's Disease: A Pilot Study

Description

General Investigational Plan Study Objectives The goal of this proposal is to determine whether enhancing brain glucose utilization minimizes cognitive decline in patients with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (AMCI) or mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. We propose a proof of concept double-blind, placebo controlled pilot study to determine if increasing brain thiamine availability with the investigational new drug benfotiamine, will minimize the decline in glucose utilization and slow the cognitive decline associated with the progression AMCI/AD dementia. Specifically, our objectives are two-fold: - To test whether increasing brain thiamine by administering 600 mg per day (300 mg/morning and 300 mg/evening) of benfotiamine for one year can slow cognitive decline in these patients as measured with the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS-COG). - To determine whether increasing brain thiamine availability with 600 mg (300 mg/morning and 300 mg/evening) per day of benfotiamine for one year can slow the decline in brain glucose metabolism in these patients as measured with Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography(FGPET) in the posterior cingulate. We will also carry out the following secondary objectives: - Assess if there are differences in secondary clinical outcome measures (NPI, ADCSADL, CDR, Buschke) between benfotiamine and placebo groups and whether specific cognitive domains (ie: activities of daily living, learning and memory verbal memory, behavioral, etc.) are driving these changes. - Compare ADAS-COG change scores in the benfotiamine and placebo groups within and between strata that were defined by initial cognitive impairment, to attempt to identified the population that most benefits from benfotiamine. - Compare changes in glucose utilization between the benfotiamine and placebo groups in secondary Regions of Interest (ROIs) including the hippocampus, prefrontal regions and entorhinal cortex. - Compare changes in whole brain glucose utilization between the benfotiamine and placebo groups using statistical parametric mapping (SPM). - Assess the correlation between changes in glucose utilization with changes in ADAS Cog. - Determine if ApoE4 genotype alters the response to benfotiamine.

Study Start Date

November 2014

Estimated Completion Date

November 2019

Interventions

  • Drug: Benfotiamine

Specialties

  • Internal Medicine: Clinical Pharmacology,Neurology
  • Neurology: Dementia,Neuro/Psych pharmacology
  • Pharmacy: Neuro/Psych pharmacology
  • Physician Assistant: Clinical Pharmacology,Neurology

MeSH Terms

  • Alzheimer Disease
  • Alzheimer's Disease
  • Benfotiamine

Study ID

Burke Medical Research Institute -- BRC-451

Status

Unknown

Trial ID

NCT02292238

Study Type

Interventional

Trial Phase

Phase 2

Enrollment Quota

76

Sponsor

Burke Medical Research Institute

Inclusion Criteria

  • 65 years of age or older
  • Clinical diagnosis of AMCI by the Peterson criteria or probable AD dementia according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and stroke and the Alzheimer's Disease related Disorders Association (NINCDS/ADRDA)
  • MMSE score >21
  • CDR score >0.5 and >1
  • Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia(CSDD) score <10.
  • Ambulatory or ambulatory with aide
  • Have a caregiver willing to accompany the patient to each visit, accept responsibility for supervising treatment and provided input to clinical outcome assessments
  • Reside at home
  • Speak English
  • Amyloid positive PET-scan

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients with significant neurological disorder other than AD including hypoxia, stroke, traumatic brain injury
  • A current psychiatric disorder according the DSM-IV diagnosis of major depression unless successfully treated on a stable dose of an antidepressant for at least 4 weeks and continues on stable dose throughout the study
  • Any other DSM-IV Axis l diagnosis including other primary neurodegenerative dementia schizophrenia or bipolar depression
  • A current diagnosis of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (glucose values > 200 mg/ml).
  • Patients with uncontrolled diabetes will be excluded because high glucose will alter the FDG-PET studies. The clinic that does PET (Columbia University Medical Center) excludes patients if glucose values exceed 200 mg/ml.
  • A current diagnosis of active, uncontrolled seizure disorder
  • A current diagnosis of probable or possible vascular dementia according to NINDS-AIREN
  • An investigational drug during the previous 4 weeks
  • A current diagnosis of severe unstable cardiovascular disease
  • A current diagnosis of acute severe, or unstable asthmatic condition (e.g., severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),
  • A current diagnosis of cardiac, renal or hepatic disease
  • History of alcoholism, current or within past 5 years
  • A disability that may prevent the patient from completing all study requirements (e.g., blindness, deafness, severe language difficulty)

Gender

Both

Ages

65 Years to 95 Years

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

No

Study Locations and Contact Information (1)

Study Location Distance Name Phone Email
Burke - White Plains, New York 29.7 miles Nancy Geibel MS 914-368-3159 grants@burke.org

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