Combination of Dronabinol and Clonidine for Cannabis Dependence in Patients With Schizophrenia

Description

Cannabis use disorders are an important public health problem in the United States, but no effective pharmacotherapies are available to treat these disorders. People with schizophrenia are more likely than healthy people to abuse cannabis. Cannabis use may worsen clinical outcomes in this group, making the identification of pharmacotherapy to treat cannabis dependence in those with schizophrenia important. The investigators intend to test the combination of dronabinol, a cannabinoid agonist, and the alpha2-adrenergic agonist clonidine, for cannabis dependence in subjects with schizophrenia. The combination of dronabinol and clonidine may alleviate cannabis withdrawal symptoms while allowing treatment-seeking outpatients to benefit from medical management (MM) sessions when they are trying to stop using cannabis. The investigators propose to assess the relationship of dronabinol and clonidine, when added to MM, on cannabis use patterns in cannabis-dependent patients with schizophrenia. Hypothesis: The investigators predict that combination pharmacotherapy of dronabinol and clonidine will significantly reduce cannabis use compared to those receiving placebo.

Study Start Date

May 2012

Estimated Completion Date

March 2016

Interventions

  • Drug: Clonidine
  • Drug: Placebo
  • Drug: Dronabinol

Specialties

  • Psychiatry: Neuro/Psych Pharmacol,Schizophrenia/Psychosis,Substance Abuse
  • Pharmacy: Drug Interactions,Drug Trials,Neuro/Psych pharmacology

MeSH Terms

  • Marijuana Abuse
  • Marijuana Smoking
  • Schizophrenia

Study ID

Mclean Hospital -- 2010P-002262

Status

Unknown

Trial ID

NCT01598896

Study Type

Interventional

Trial Phase

Phase 2/Phase 3

Enrollment Quota

18

Sponsor

Mclean Hospital

Inclusion Criteria

    1. Age range 18-45 years 2. DSM-IV diagnosis of cannabis dependence, based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) 3. DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) 4. express a desire to quit cannabis use within the next 30 days 5. have used cannabis on ?20 days within the past 30 days (i.e., an average of ?5 day per week) 6. identify cannabis as their primary drug of abuse 6) stable on antipsychotic medication for ?1 month 7. for women of childbearing age, a negative pregnancy test at screening with agreement to use adequate contraception to prevent pregnancy and monthly pregnancy tests 8. consent for us to communicate with their prescribing clinician if one exists 9. furnish the names of 2 locators, who would assist study staff in locating them during the study period 10. live close enough to McLean Hospital to attend study visits 11. plan to stay in the Boston area for the next 3 months 12. are willing and able to sign informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria

    1. Current diagnosis of other drug or alcohol dependence (excluding nicotine) 2. significant cardiac disease as indicated by history or suspected by abnormal ECG or history of cardiac symptoms 3. Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) subscale for positive symptoms of psychosis item > 3 (moderate) at baseline evaluation 4. current medical condition that could prevent regular study attendance 5. liver function tests >3 times the upper limit of normal range 6. history of seizure disorder or history of head trauma or CNS insult that could predispose the subject to seizures 7. taking clozapine 8. current suicidal risk 9. bradycardia less than or equal to 50 bpm, supine blood pressure of less than or equal to 100/65, a seated blood pressure of less than or equal to 90/60, or orthostatic change of >20 systolic or >10 diastolic on standing, at screening or any pre-dose assessment, or symptoms attributable to low BP (i.e. lightheadedness or dizziness on standing) 10. mental retardation or organic mental disorder 11. currently in a residential treatment setting in which substance use is monitored and restricted, since the restricted access to drugs could represent an important confounding variable 12. pregnant, nursing, or, if a woman of childbearing potential, not using a form of birth control judged by the investigator to be effective 13. concomitant treatment with opioid analgesics, sedative hypnotics, or other known CNS depressants 14. known hypersensitivity to cannabinoids or sesame oil or clonidine 15. disease of the gastrointestinal system, liver, or kidneys that may impede metabolism or excretion of dronabinol 16. inability to read or write in English that would hinder their ability to follow study procedures 17. history of seizures or a family history of seizures.

Gender

Both

Ages

18 Years to 45 Years

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

No

Study Locations and Contact Information (1)

Study Location Distance Name Phone Email
McLean Hospital - Belmont, Massachusetts 4.7 miles William M HurleyWelljamsDorof BS 617-855-3156 wdorof@mclean.harvard.edu

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