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The Effect of Glucagon on Rates of Hepatic Mitochondrial Oxidation in Man Assessed by PINTA

It is well established that alterations in the portal vein insulin:glucagon ratio play a major role in the dysregulated hepatic glucose metabolism in type 2 diabetes (T2D) but the molecular mechanism by which glucagon promotes alterations in hepatic glucose production and mitochondrial oxidation remain poorly understood. This is borne out of the fact that both glucagon agonists and antagonists are being developed to treat T2D with unclear mechanisms of action. This study will directly assess the effects of glucagon on rates of mitochondrial oxidation and pyruvate carboxylase flux for the first time in humans using PINTA analysis. The results will have important implications for the possibility of intervening in the pathogenesis of NAFLD and T2D via chronic dual GLP-1/glucagon receptor antagonism and provide asn important rationale for why a dual agonist may be more efficacious for treatment of NAFLD/NASH and T2D than GLP-1 alone.

Sponsored by: Yale University